Depending on the structural design of heavy machinery during the construction works applied in different ways. This allows construction companies to achieve targeted results in a short time. Today we will examine what machinery is needed on site during construction works.
Heavy machinery for construction and repair can be divided into four main groups:
- Earthmoving and transport equipment.
- The construction of the machine.
- Loading and unloading equipment.
- Construction equipment.
Of course there are many other techniques and even more variations, but the following categories are the most common and used everywhere. This article explains some of the benefits from conventional earth moving equipment, to specialized construction equipment that You can purchase.
What equipment is used for construction works
The large excavators are construction equipment with a long ladle attached to a pivoting cab that can rotate 360 degrees. The operator sits in the cab, and from there it performs all manipulation of the equipment during operation. Excavators are used in most cases to dig dirt or to lift (to lower) heavy objects, prefabricated structures, pipes and other small equipment. The most common uses of excavators include:
- material handling;
- the digging of trenches, holes and foundations;
- cutting hard surfaces hydraulic bump stop;
- the demolition of the structures;
- rough grading;
- lifting and laying of pipes;
- dredging of rivers.
Backhoe loaders are very similar to conventional tractor with a small difference: they have at their disposal a shovel in the front as well as a small bucket in the back of the loader used for digging. Backhoe loaders are considered medium size construction equipment to complete small jobs in tight spaces. They can move well on dirt, fill, dig trench and put a small pipe.
One of the best attributes of backhoe loaders is that they with their dimensions can easily be used in urbanized areas and courtyards of the settlements. Standard equipment — bucket can be replaced with various attachments that allows this technique to be more versatile.
Bulldozers are considered one of the strongest and most reliable heavy equipment of special purpose, used in the construction industry. It is powerful and extremely heavy equipment used to move soil and bulk materials in large open plots of land. Bulldozers have a wide flat blade on the front of the unit, which is driven by two hydraulic cylinders, which allows to move the blade for limited angles or depth.
This technique is commonly used for the initial landscape planning prior to production of the main construction works. Without it is very difficult (almost impossible) to prepare the construction site for work.
Mini front loader
Skid steer loaders are one of the most versatile machines available in the construction industry. This technique is very easy to use and ideal in tight spaces and in areas where the construction has already been completed. Mini loaders have a well-traversed chassis with increased thrust, which is ideal in the snow and in the dirt. Small weight of the machinery does not affect soil compaction and tread wheels prevent damage on the jobsite.
Use these mini wheel loaders for small jobs such as: loading and unloading, work with utilities and stuff.
Motor graders — heavy equipment used for precise alignment of phase and move small amounts of earth or loose materials (gravel, sand, etc.). They have a long blade that can be adjusted to fit a particular corner to create a flat surface. This technique may also have an additional second blade in front of the front axle Assembly.
Graders are commonly used for precise alignment of the ground and training base prior to laying asphalt or concrete slabs. Graders can be used to create sloped surfaces or drainage ditches with shallow V-shaped formation.
Another great representative of construction equipment. Track loader combines a backhoe and loader, which in turn gives you the opportunity to obtain improved performance without construction work of additional equipment.
Is used to load rocks into trucks or dump dirt rocks in different places.
A trencher is a construction equipment used for digging trenches where possible laying the diverse communication. There are several models of trenchers:
- modular tillers, as additional attachments for construction equipment, has a small size of the plough;
- the heavy machinery has the equipment which allows to dig a trench even in the pavement or other hard surfaces.
The trencher has a conveyor system, which delivers the extracted material and places it near the dug trench. They can use different equipment for digging, depending on how deep they should dig and which hardness of the extracted material.
The scraper can easily remove and relocate dirt in the place of the work without the use of additional equipment. However, they are not designed for use on all types of construction sites. This type of heavy equipment used in most cases in large open areas where they can work at high speeds to facilitate the cutting and cleaning of the construction site.
Tippers required on almost every construction site and they are considered heavy construction equipment. They are classified in several sizes and variations to easily and efficiently transport Your goods. SUV or truck normal used in almost all construction projects. Kind of heavy truck mainly used in quarries or mining industry.
Other construction machinery
There are many other specialized machinery like cranes, rollers, telehandlers, forklifts and many others that can be used for performing construction works. On every construction site superintendents and engineers, senior managers should perform which technique is advantageous and correct use for maximum effect in performance.